Must Have Knowledge of Nutrients: Dietary Constituents of Healthy Nutritious Food Must Have Knowledge of Nutrients: Dietary Constituents of Healthy Nutritious Food Skip to main content

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Must Have Knowledge of Nutrients: Dietary Constituents of Healthy Nutritious Food

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Constituents of Food: Nutrients for nutrition (Macronutrients, Micronutrients)
Constituents of Food: Nutrients for nutrition (Macronutrients, Micronutrients)

Do you love to read articles on topics like: top 5 Bollywood divas of the year, most promising actors of tinsel town, cricket and wicket, and hot issue of the parliament? To peek over such the spicy gossips might help you increasing the taste of your food, but can’t make that healthier. You will have to give some efforts to make your diet full of nutrients or nutritions; and for that, you need to do friendship with them. You will have to know them better.

So read for yourself this time, thinking that you are precious and so you will give a hit to know the needs of your body. For nutrition conscious eating, conscious food planning plays a vital role. And before that planning, let’s make an understanding with:

What is nutrition?
What are the constituents of food or nutrients?


Nutrition is a simple yet wide term if we go for its meaning. The definition of nutrition involves:

  • Selection and preparation of the food that is needed for growth and life
  • Ingestion of food (to eat or drink something)
  • Assimilation of food by the body (the biology of inhalation, composition, and absorption of the food)

In simple language, it is all about using the food in body building, body mechanism, growth, and getting energy.

Click to Know More: Nutrients: Vastly Knowledgeable Nutrition Guide

Nutrients or Constituents of Food

There are two types of nutrition. Food constituents or nutrients are broadly classified into a list of two categories.


Nutrients that our body needs in larger quantity. These are used as energy resource and provide material to build our building blocks or body structure. Though, the energy production or generated internal energy through these macronutrients depends on absorption and digestion efforts.

Macronutrients are:

Click to Know More: Good Fat Vs Bad Fat Foods: What to Eat and What to Avoid? Click to Know More: Essential Fatty Acids Need: Excess or Deficiency Effects


Nutrients that our body needs in small quantity, but are important for smooth and efficient body processes. They influence some body systems, maintaining the co-ordination between various body processes. Not only this, they also ensure the proper consumption of energy and promotes self defense.

Micronutrients are:

  • Vitamins (Fat soluble, Water soluble)
  • Minerals (Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, Potassium, Sodium, Copper, Manganese, Chromium, Cobalt, Nickel, Phosphorus, Zinc, Iodine, Selenium, Chloride, Molybdenum, Fluoride, Sulpher, Selenium)
  • Trace elements

Importance of Nutrients

Food is an incomplete term without macro-nutrients and micro-nutrients, which supports health and life. They are stored in form of energy, fat and muscle mass, and that’s why a person can survive for 2-8 weeks without taking food. Poor nutrition or malnutrition results in less productivity or poor performance, whereas good nutrition promotes growth and development.

Where nutrition can save one from various chronic diseases, lack of them or poor diet can show its adverse impact on health too. It may cause one suffer from:

  • Deficiency diseases: kwashiorkor and scurvy
  • Unhealthy conditions: metabolic syndrome and obesity
  • Common systemic chronic diseases: diabetes, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular
Click to Know More: Malnutrition or Nutrition Deficiency
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