Monday, December 5, 2016

10 Structural Protein Benefits in Growth

Structural protein collagen of skin fibre structure in membrane domain with standing girl cartoon illustration by sneha
Structural Protein: Basic building block for body growth, repair and cells replacement!

Benefits of Structural Protein: Just Proteins or Basic Building Block?

Do you know that protein constitutes about one-sixth (1/6th) of our body? Proteins are the prime structural components for the basic units of our body. One of the essential nutrients, protein is present in almost every part of our bodies including muscles, organs, blood, hair, skin, eyes, bones and finger nails. After water, protein is the substance that is the most plentiful in our body.

Where protein is the structural component of our body, amino acids are the basic building blocks of proteins. Most of the proteins are large biological molecules of amino acid residues' chains. Many hundred amino acids of different types are arranged in various orders and combinations. They together make the structures of chains or branches to form proteins.

As the basic units of proteins are amino acids, it also indicates that they help in carrying out many vital functions as well.

What are Structural Proteins?

Our body’s biological components that are fluid in nature, Structural proteins provide rigidity and stiffness to them.

Whatever amount of protein exists in our body, its quarter portion incorporates collagen, which is the most common and abundant structural protein.

Examples of Structural Protein: Collagen, elastin, laminin, fibronectin, etc.
Other proteins that participate in structural functioning: Motor proteins (kinesin, myosin, dynein)

How Do Structural Proteins Look?

Microscope shows that structural proteins appear like woven long fibres.

Benefits of Structural Protein: Just Proteins or Basic Building Block?

Use of Structural Proteins: What Does They do?

The structural components of our body are made of structural proteins that are found in cells, bones, hair, nails, skin, hooves, feathers and few animal shells.

Contributors in Movement and Elasticity

They help in cells movements and providing the internal structure to cells. Other than contributing in providing structures to specific cells, collagen is used in ligaments, tendons and vessels. It also helps in giving the skin elasticity and the skin gets wrinkles when it lacks.

Majorly Found Substance

Do you know after water, protein is the most abundantly found substance of our body, which is responsible for 15 to 20% of body weight? So, for weight watchers who want to lose fat or gain weight, it’s time to shake hands with protein and know more about it!

Structural Protein as Building Material: Helps in Making of Body Cells

The production work of cells keep going in our body, but from where these body cells come from? The answer is ‘our food’ which provides protein as raw material for construction of our body building.

The tissues, which make brain, heart, liver, lungs and kidney, are made of proteins that contribute in making of our muscles, veins, arteries and bones.

This essential nutrient works as the building material for the tissues (especially muscles) and fluids (except urine and bile).

Our body’s most complex substance, protein is made of various combinations of amino acids that contain nitrogen. About 20 types of amino acids combine to make about 100 types of intricate chemical structures and patterns which make complex proteins.

Among these 20 amino acids, 12 amino acids can be produced within our body, but other 8 amino acids, known as essential amino acids, can’t be synthesized by the body itself. We need to fulfill their requirement through our nutritious diet that incorporates protein sources. Here too, all the foods includes different nutrients and varying nutritional values, so one cannot rely on one food and needs to supply different sources of proteins to body through healthy diet.

Important Element of Blood Functions

When we eat protein rich food like milk, cheese, beans, peas, eggs or meat, our digestive system breaks the food proteins. The blood absorbs this protein in the form of its basic unit, that is, amino acids. Then our body enzymes recombine these amino acids in specific combinations and sequences to reproduce the desired proteins. Thus as per the requirement and desire of our body, proteins are used to fulfill special needs of our body, for example: building muscles, making of red blood cells, etc.

Protein Use in Red Blood Cells

Proteins play the role of transporters being in domains, a place inside blood cells. They are also found at and near the cell membrane's circumference. Other than transport, they are used in defense and formation work as well. Even when we get injuries, it is protein that plays a vital role in clotting process.

Proteins Strengthen the Body

Although our body posses the skills and ability to build its building blocks with available amino acids in body, yet it makes just a weak building. For making a strong body with strength, the raw material needs to be with all the important substances, so that the body works smoothly in long run. So eat healthy, nutritious and protein rich food, considering supplying right amount of protein to your body.

Structural Component and Maintenance Element

Other than this, protein also works as a structural component and maintenance element for our skin, muscles, eyes, and organs. This is the reason behind children are recommended to give more protein sources as they run in a developing and growing state.

The structural protein gives rigidity and stiffness to biological components that are otherwise fluid.

Help in Growth

We need this nutrient for growth too as protein molecules are one of the most plentifully found constituents after water. This is why a mother is supposed to feed milk to baby in initial six months. It is an important practice because milk, a highly rich source of protein is essential for growth of new born baby.

Support in Tissue Repair and Replacement

With normal growth, it repairs the tissue tears and plays its role in tissue replacement as well. After reaching the age of 18 to 23, the human organs grow fully and do not need protein for growth that much. Yet protein is a necessary nutrient for repairing of torn tissues and replacement of old or dead tissue waste.

Body toxicity is the primary cause of cell degeneration or tissue waste. If you adopt a lifestyle that introduce lesser toxins, the amount of tissue waste in body can be decreased and so the need of protein.


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