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Mithuna Sankranti

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Mithuna Sankranti
Mithuna Sankranti
Mithuna Sankranti is an astrological and religiously significant event among Hindus which marks the entrance of Sun from existing to the next Rashi. It is considered to be an auspicious opportunity to perform righteous activities of donation to needy people.

Overview

All About Mithuna Sankranti

Contents:

Mithuna Sankranti: Quick Glance
Also Known As
Mithuna Sankraman, Sankramanam, Asharh, Mithunam Onth, Aani, Raja Parba
Also Spelled As
Mithun Sankranti, Mithuna Sankranthi
Significance
Shifting or Transition of Sun
Event Type
Indian, Cultural, Religious
Observed By
Hindus, Brahmins
Observations
Worships, donation activities
Celebrations
Visit to temples, swinging, dancing, and singing events
Holiday
No
Date and Time
15 June 2019 (Varies as per Hindu Solar calendar)
Event in Various Years
15 June 2020
Occurrence/ Frequency
Annual
Other Correlated Events
Raja Parba

Meaning of Mithuna Sankranti

The word Mithuna Sankranti is the addition of two words- ‘Mithuna’ and ‘Sankranti’. Mithuna, also known as Gemini, is an astrological Zodiac Sign which is denoted by the Twins. Sankranti specifies the journey of Sun from one to another Rashi or Zodiac sign.

The day of Mithuna Sankranti marks the transition movement of Sun from Vrishabha Rashi to Mithuna Rashi, that is, from Tauras to Gemini zodiac.

Names of Mithuna Sankranti

Mithuna Sankranti is famous as various names in different regions of India. In Eastern India, it is known as Asharh. In Southern India, people celebrate Mithuna Sankranti as Aani, and in Kerala, it is known as Mithunam Onth. Odisha observes this as the festival of Raja Parba.

Day and Date of Mithuna Sankranti

According to Hindu Lunar calendar, it comes in ‘Ashadha’, the fourth month of ‘Panchang’ Hindi calendar.

Mithuna Sankranti Day
Date of Mithuna Sankranti Observance
Tuesday
14 June 2016
Thursday
15 June 2017
Friday
15 June 2018
Saturday
15 June 2019
Monday
15 June 2020
Tuesday
15 June 2021
Wednesday
15 June 2022
Thursday
15 June 2023
Saturday
15 June 2024
Sunday
15 June 2025
Monday
15 June 2026

Auspicious Muhurat Time of Mithuna Sankranti

Mithuna Sankranti is one of the Shadshitimukhi Sankranti(S); others are Meena Sankranti, Kanya Sankranti, and Dhanu Sankranti. Mithuna Sankranti related auspicious Muhurat for Daan-Punya falls 16 sixteen Ghati(s) after the Mithuna Sankraman moment.

As per the above, the Muhurat for Daan-Punya related righteous activities is the time window of Sankranti to 16 Ghati after Sankranti.

Mithuna Sankranti Day and Date: Saturday, 15 June 2019
Mithuna Sankranti Moment: 05:55 PM, 15 June 2019
(Time of Sankraman)
Mithuna Sankranti Maha Punya Kaal: 05:55 PM to 07:10 PM
(Duration of Muhurat: 01 Hour 15 Mins)
Mithuna Sankranti Punya Kaal: 05:55 PM to 07:10 PM
(Duration of Muhurat: 01 Hour 15 Mins)

God of the Festival

Other than Lord Surya who is also known as the Sun God, Goddess Earth and Lord Vishnu are also revered on the occasion of Mithuna Sankranti.

Rituals

Worship of Grinding Stone Symbolizing the Mother Earth

The believers in Odisha wear traditional dresses and perform special puja (worship) dedicating to the grinding stone which depicts the mother Earth.

The stone is cleaned, washed, and decorated with the flowers, garland, and the vermillion.

Fasting on Mithuna Sankranti

The worshippers keep fast on Mithuna Sankranti day and offer prayers to their Sun God to please him.

Singing with Swings

The most exciting ritual of Sankranti and Raja Praba is preparing the swings for the girls and ladies. The swings are tied on the banyan tree’s bark which is enjoyed by the Indian females with loads of smiles and singing.

These swings are known with different names as per their types. Three of them are Dandi Doli, Chakri Doli, and Ram Doli.

Donation Giving Activities

One of the most common rituals of Sankranti(s) is giving the donation of food and money to the needy people. Other than them, there are also some specific things which are donated on the specific type of Sankranti such as grain, cow, land, etc.

The devotees offer the donation of clothes on the occasion of Mithuna Sankranti. They perform such deeds during the specified Shubh Muhurat (auspicious time).

People also pay homage to their ancestors on the Sankranti day. Many visit temples and perform this ritual on the river bank.

Significance of Mithuna Sankranti

Mithuna Sankranti marks the arrival of the third month of Hindu Solar calendar which falls in July.

For this Sankranti, the activities of donating or gifting the clothes are considered to be greatly auspicious.

In the Indian state Orissa, Mithuna Sankranti is observed as Raja Sankranti, a swing festival which is celebrated as a four daylong event of significance.

Mythologies

The four days long festival of Mithuna Sankranti brings rains, joys, and happiness. Among all the other seasons, most of people love Monsoon the most. And thus the festival is also enjoyed and marked with great enthusiasm and zeal.

Where unmarried girls embellish themselves with beautiful Indian attires and ornaments, the married women also enjoy the Sankranti festival, playing indoor games and taking a break from all their household jobs.

While performing the rituals of Mithuna Sankranti puja, the decoration of the stone depicting the Mother Earth symbolizes the preparation of the land for the rainfall. The same way, young girls also adorn themselves, preparing them for marriage.

People worship keeping fast dedicating to the Lord Surya for seeking the blessings of happy and peaceful life in the further coming days.

Celebrations

People enjoy singing their folk songs that are known as the Raja Gita. The singing is enjoyed with the folk dancing as well. Both the man and woman celebrators walk barefoot on their motherland and thus welcome the rain with honor and zest.

The priests and local people decorate the temples of Lord Vishnu and Lord Surya. The Jagannath temple of Odisha is specially decorated and visited by the devotees. They worship their Lord and his wife Goddess Earth who is known as Bhudevi.

Traditional Dish of Mithuna Sankranti

The special dish of the Mithuna Sankranti and Raja Praba day is Poda-pitha that is made of rice powder, jaggery, butter, coconut, molasses, and camphor. However, people avoid eating rice grains on the day of Mithuna Sankramanam.


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